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By Leslie Ball

Doing things outdoors and in the wilderness like hiking and exploring can be a lot of fun. Such adventures can be quite thrilling, but they are also very dangerous, particularly if one is unprepared for any given emergency situation. Survival gear is of the utmost importance when indulging in outdoor activities that could present unexpected dangers. Being aware of what is needed and having the necessary equipment ready at all times during the activity could go a long way in both protecting and also rescuing anyone from any serious dangers.

Before worrying about any equipment that is needed for the adventure, it is imperative to ensure that the right clothes and shoes are purchased for the activity. The correct footwear is not negotiable for extreme activities like hiking, rock or mountain climbing. Most terrains will require that one wears a heavy duty boot that offers a lot of support to the foot, particularly the ankle. Make sure that the boots are lace properly and tightly at all times to maintain stability.

Heavy duty shoes will prevent anything from being able to penetrate through to the feet and cause serious damage. This can be anything from abandoned animal traps to dangerous plants like poison ivy to snake bites. A good thick sole will be invaluable for trekking on rough terrain. Shoes of this kind can be purchased in any good store that sells camping equipment or even work gear for construction sites and the like.

Also important when wearing the proper footwear is to insulate the feet as well with good socks. These will prevent blisters from excessive walking and can also protect further up the leg. Wearing two pairs of socks may be a good idea in colder climates. Layering clothing throughout is a good way to travel light, leaving room to carry everything else but still keeping warm enough.

You can find apparel specific to your chosen activity and it is highly recommended that you do so. Thermal vests and t-shirts under your clothing will help insulate your body in cold climates. Look for outerwear made of special fabrics that are supposed to withstand and protect you from strong winds and extreme temperatures.

Anything else that an individual wears during outdoor activities of an extreme nature should be protective first and foremost. UV goggles will help protect one's eyes from both the sun and dust. For certain activities, head gear may be necessary.

A first aid kit is an essential component of any survival equipment. This kit should contain a number of items that will stabilize anyone injured until they can get proper help. These items should include an assortment of bandages, tape, topical cream for bites or rashes, alcohol and scissors. A syringe, a pair of tweezers, an ice pack, cream for burns and safety pins are also necessary, as well as a proper blanket.

Tools are a must for outdoor activities, and a really good pocket knife is one key tool. Having rope at hand is also recommended. The correct tools will depend on the activity itself. Also include in any survival kit the right snacks and non perishable foods for energy and nutrients. Travel as lightly as possible, only taking the necessities.

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